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Retired maths teacher and slow fashion fan embraces Damask weaving to keep age-old craft alive

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#Retired #maths #trainer #sluggish #trend #fan #embraces #Damask #weaving #ageold #craft #alive

Inside her mudbrick house, Paula Fulton sits at certainly one of only some drawlooms that exist within the nation.

The 67-year-old helps to maintain the age-old craft of Damask weaving alive.

“There is likely to be 5 drawlooms in Australia,” Ms Fulton mentioned.

It took her greater than two days to assemble the 56-shaft loom, which fills a complete room in her Mooral Creek house, west of Wingham, on the New South Wales Mid North Coast.

Looms sometimes have 4 to eight shafts.

Evenly space lines of thread around a rotating rectangular wooden frame
Paula makes use of a warp mill to spool a 12 months’s value of thread for her loom.(ABC Mid North Coast: Wiriya Sati)

“It is advanced weaving and it is my ardour … I do not use artificial material in any respect, I solely use pure fibres,” Ms Fulton mentioned.

“A few of my clothes have been made by hand-spun, hand-dyed yarn.”

“Some persons are into sluggish cooking, I am slow-wearing.”

Slow fashion refers to a way of thinking about how we buy, wear and care for clothes. Clothes are ethically made and disposed of in an environmentally sustainable method.

“We have a society the place there’s loads of waste,” Ms Fulton mentioned.

When the previous maths trainer moved to her distant property she discovered a artistic area the place she might weave her magic.

A couple in their 60s walking along a bush driveway the man has a stick to assist walking.
Paula and her husband at their Mooral Creek house, west of Taree.(ABC Mid North Coast: Wiriya Sati)

“I used to be searching for my paradise,” Ms Fulton mentioned.

And she or he and her husband discovered it.

“[It has a] pecan grove, a mudbrick home, [and a] pristine creek working by my place,” Ms Fulton mentioned.

“[We’ve got] bees and goats and geese and chooks and geese and canines.”

She has all the time been enthusiastic about being artistic with all types of textiles.

“I’ve had a needle in my hand since I used to be 4 years outdated,” Ms Fulton mentioned.

“It is a combination of Zen; meditative, psychological gymnastics and inventive endeavour.”

Studying the craft

Damask weaving
Ma Fulton says that intricate patterns are the premise of damask weaving.(ABC Mid North Coast: Wiriya Sati)

Ms Fulton believes weaving requires a talent set that includes engineering, maths, artistry and endurance.

“When you’ve gotten a maths mind, you’ve gotten a weaving mind,” she mentioned.

Ms Fulton realized the intricate weaving method on the Wingham Wool Shed from former NASA physicist Marjorie Rees who would now be in her mid-90s.

“She learnt to fly earlier than she learnt to drive,” Ms Fulton mentioned.

Ms Rees was taught the craft by her grandfather.

“She impressed me to make use of my mind — not a pc to create patterns,” Ms Fulton mentioned.

hand drawn pattern on grid paper colouring in squares to form a flower
A hand-drawn pixel sample that Paula created to information her damask weaving.(ABC Mid North Coast: Wiriya Sati)

A sluggish, methodical course of

It takes Ms Fulton three months to spool a 12 months’s value of yarn. Twenty metres of warp produces 19 metres of cloth.

“Every of those threads is wound onto the mill and I’ve to do 1,500 of those turns, from one finish to the opposite,” she mentioned.

Ms Fulton can produce about 5 centimetres a day of the finer weave or 15cm of cloth a day in a coarser weave.

For the remaining 9 months of the 12 months, Ms Fulton weaves for about 45 minutes a day — all she’s in a position to handle with points with each shoulders.

To make a garment, can take Ms Fulton two to 3 months, however she says the artwork kind has an additional advantage.

“It retains your mind alive,” she mentioned.

Handmade clothes
Ms Fulton wears a woven vest that she made by weaving with a natural-fibre yarn.(ABC Mid North Coast: Wiriya Sati)

Sustainable way of life

One other two looms are arrange in Ms Fulton’s outdoors studio the place she makes tea towels, family rugs and wall hangings.

“I like to make handwoven, home-constructed clothes and family textiles. [They are] made with love for my household and buddies as presents which might be each fashionable and sustainable,” she mentioned.

“[These are] outdated second-hand yarns, that I’ve put collectively to create one thing helpful.

“I give hand-knitted socks as presents to my household. I’d aspire to solely put on hand-woven handmade clothes.”

Ms Fulton fears that “outdated abilities” like loom weaving are “dying out”.

“I feel it is actually essential for conventional feminine artwork kinds to be maintained and handed on,” she mentioned.

A couple in their 60s feeding goats some hay beside a shed in a bush paddock.
Ms Fulton’s dream house permits her to accommodate goats, bees, chooks, geese, and canines.(ABC Mid North Coast: Wiriya Sati)

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WA government to enforce fishing ban on prized species

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Regardless of protests from hundreds of anglers the WA authorities is about to introduce a nine-month annual leisure fishing ban to guard prized species together with pink snapper and dhufish.

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Biochar industry fuelled by agricultural waste expected to grow

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#Biochar #business #fuelled #agricultural #waste #anticipated #develop

At Laragon Almonds in north-western Victoria, the processing plant is dwarfed by the piles of leftovers that sit alongside it.

The hulls and shells are usually offered as livestock feed, however with the almond business increasing quickly over the previous decade, that market is oversupplied.

“A few years in the past, we had been attaining $200 a tonne,” managing director Brendan Sidhu says.

Photo of charcoal in a pipe.
Biochar popping out of SDA Engineering’s pyrolysis plant.(ABC Landline: Kerry Staight)

“This 12 months, we’ll in all probability common $30 a tonne for [the] hull, so it is a vital distinction.”

With that in thoughts, he went on the lookout for an alternate and landed on biochar, a kind of charcoal that is wealthy in carbon.

“We predict that there is a nice demand for it sooner or later,” he says.

“However we predict there are additionally nice spin-offs.”

What’s biochar?

Biochar is made by heating natural materials with restricted oxygen by a course of referred to as pyrolysis.

SDA Engineering, which is supplying Laragon with its pyrolysis plant, has been trialling greater than a dozen agricultural residues from nut, forestry, broadacre and wine industries.

Firm co-founder Leon Daych says typically the leftovers sit in a paddock and deteriorate and launch carbon dioxide into the environment.

Photo of a man holding charcoal in his hand.
Leon Daych says biochar locks the carbon contained in the charcoal materials.(ABC Landline: Kerry Staight)

As an alternative, the carbon is locked up within the biochar, which Mr Daych says is a really versatile product.

“It may be used as a pharmaceutical ingredient, as a highway constructing materials, as concrete for bricks and so forth, so the purposes are actually limitless.”

Advantages to agriculture

One of many greatest beneficiaries of turning agricultural leftovers into biochar might be the agricultural business itself.

Agricultural and environmental scientist Melissa Rebbeck, who ran a year-long trial at a business dairy, says there are various advantages to utilizing biochar.

“If you do feed it to an animal, we discovered advantages for improved milk yield, and we have additionally discovered higher feed conversions,” she says.

Photo of a woman shoveling contents from a bag with cows behind her.
Melissa Rebbeck feeding biochar to her cattle.(ABC Landline: Kerry Staight)

Ms Rebbeck says there’s additionally lots of analysis that reveals it may possibly enhance soil productiveness and yields.

“For each 1 per cent you improve the soil carbon, you improve the water holding capability by 10 to 30 tonnes per hectare,” she says.

“It is a no-brainer in a rustic like Australia.”

However that productiveness comes at a value.

On common, biochar sells for about $800 a tonne in Australia in the mean time.

And there are stories it does not at all times work.

However influential economist Professor Ross Garnaut, who spoke on the current Australia New Zealand Biochar Summit, says “in fact, there will be sceptics”.

“Australians are like that, they do not imagine it till the farm subsequent door has finished it and is getting cash from doing issues higher, after which they modify and do it themselves,” he says.

Photo of cows eating out of a bucket.
Cattle are comfortable to munch on biochar after it has been blended with molasses.(ABC Landline: Kerry Staight)

A number of earnings streams

A rising variety of agricultural firms are investing in pyrolysis crops as a result of they’re beginning to make enterprise in addition to environmental sense.

In reality, it is the by-products that include biochar which are typically the large promoting level.

Mr Sidhu says Laragon Almonds plans to harness the surplus warmth produced in pyrolysis to dry its almonds and generate energy for the remainder of the de-hulling plant.

“From an emissions saving, clearly we’re not producing and utilizing coal-generated energy, in order that’s an enormous plus for us,” he says.

“We not want the LPG fuel that we at present use, in order that’s once more one other massive financial savings.

“So we predict our financial savings on website might be north of $500,000 a 12 months.”

Almond hulls.
The hulls or shells leftover from almonds could be become biochar.(ABC Landline: Kerry Staight)

Then there’s what’s generally referred to as wooden vinegar.

It is the liquid by-product of pyrolysis, which NSW firm PyroAg sells as an agricultural software that may cut back the necessity for fertilisers and pesticides.

In keeping with firm co-founder Chad Sheppeard, the advantages are nice.

“It really feeds the microbes within the soil and helps the bugs within the soil develop in range and inhabitants, which then helps the crops’ uptake vitamins out of the soil,” he says.

Promoting carbon credit

On high of the by-products, there’s one other more and more profitable supply of earnings.

Biochar is now recognised in some carbon markets.

So producers which are licensed as adverse web emitters can promote carbon credit to firms that need to neutralise their very own emissions.

“Since we began taking a look at this market, the worth of the carbon credit are tripled and it is in all probability value in extra of $200,000 a 12 months for our enterprise,” Martin Jeffries, whose household enterprise in South Australia turns family inexperienced waste into agricultural merchandise like compost and fertiliser, says.

Momentum within the biochar business is constructing.

In South Australia, there is a parliamentary inquiry into the business.

Photo of black charcoal close up.
Biochar can be utilized as a pharmaceutical ingredient, as a road-building materials, and as concrete for bricks.(ABC Landline: Kerry Staight)

Ms Rebbeck has massive plans to transform Kangaroo Island’s bushfire-affected timber. 

“There’s six and a half million tonnes of partially burnt timber on Kangaroo Island that’s rotting in the mean time that produces 50 per cent of its waste as carbon dioxide,” she says.

“All of that might be become biochar.”

However to realize these targets and make biochar extra inexpensive, the business must scale up and that is going to push Australian manufacturing.

Professor Garnaut believes the motion is gaining momentum.

“The following 5 years might be a interval of innovation and studying, will increase in scale, reductions in prices and in 5 years time, we’ll be in a robust place to run quick,” he says.

Watch this story on ABC TV’s Landline at 12:30pm on Sunday, or on ABC iview.

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WA government pushes ahead with nine-month fishing ban despite ‘draconian’ label

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Among the hardest fishing restrictions seen in Western Australia are a step nearer to being carried out, closing a 900-kilometre stretch of shoreline to some leisure fishers for as much as 9 months of the yr.

The West Coast Demersal Scalefish fishery is house to over 100 kinds of demersal, or bottom-feeding, fish and the WA authorities has critical issues in regards to the sustainability of some key indicator species in the fishery, such as dhufish and pink snapper.

Public session on a brand new administration plan to cut back fishery catches by 50 per cent, to enhance sustainability, closed yesterday.

Authorities officers will now meet key stakeholders to finalise a administration plan, which is scheduled to be carried out this summer time.

A map of WA, with an area covered by a proposed recreational fishing ban highlighted in red.
The world lined by the proposed ban incorporates an enormous chunk of the WA shoreline, and numerous main leisure fishing spots.(ABC Landline: Chris Lewis )

Outdated fish are lacking

Fisheries Minister Don Punch mentioned an evaluation of demersal fish shares, launched final yr, flagged a scarcity of older fish, which have been the fish inhabitants’s most necessary and prolific breeders.

“After we get that imbalance within the age vary of the species, that is when the vulnerability begins to actually creep in,” he mentioned. 

“There’s a number of fishing effort on the market, and when it is targeted on that youthful group due to the shortage of older fish, then we’re probably dropping the fish which are going to be the massive producers into the longer term.”

Mr Punch mentioned the demersal fishery was positioned right into a 20-year restoration plan in 2010 however, regardless of earlier cuts to fishing limits, the evaluation of the fishery confirmed shares had not recovered “quick sufficient”.

Leisure {and professional} fishing teams agreed earlier this yr that the catch wanted to halve from 750 tonnes yearly to 375t. 

A snapper
Pink snapper, dhufish and baldchin groper are among the species recognized as weak.(ABC Landline: Chris Lewis)

Options are ‘draconian’ 

However the authorities’s plan of an extended leisure fishery closure to attain that catch discount has sparked outrage. 

Two choices have been offered for public remark that will see the fishery open to leisure fishers for 94 days or 123 days of the yr. 

Andrew Rowland from Recfishwest mentioned his group had advised various strategies for the leisure and constitution catch to be decreased to its allotted 135 tonnes.

A man stands on the beach with a jetty behind him
Andrew Rowland from Recfishwest says the brand new guidelines are “draconian”.(ABC Landline: Jo Prendergast)

 “We object to the simplicity of this draconian, blunt measure [of] 9 months [of closures] throughout the board,” he mentioned. 

“West Australians spend $1.8 billion yearly on their fishing actions and it is a main necessary fishery as a part of that expenditure.

“And so the stream on impacts, impacts by the neighborhood jobs and companies, wellbeing, fishing golf equipment which are closing down might be large.”

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