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Corgis bred for herding livestock long before Queen Elizabeth II made them famous

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#Corgis #bred #herding #livestock #lengthy #Queen #Elizabeth #well-known

Whereas corgis are synonymous with the late Queen Elizabeth II, it may be a shock to know the tiny breed continues to be used as a working canine in Australia.

The Queen had 30 corgis as pets over her lifetime, giving the breed its worldwide recognition.

However the canine has been used for hundreds of years to herd livestock.

Jean Milnes herds south of Adelaide together with her feminine corgi, Tirion.

“[Corgis] have been herding because the Center Ages at the least, there’s documentary proof of them herding again in about 800AD,” she mentioned.

“I simply received into it as a result of I assumed this is able to be enjoyable to do to see if she might keep in mind what her ancestors used to do.”

Corgi faced with sheep during a herding.
Corgis are intelligent and adaptive canine.(Provided: Jean Milnes)

Exercising instincts

There are few corgi herders in Australia now, however Ms Milne is hoping the recognition will growth after the demise of the Queen, returning the breed to its farming roots.

“I nonetheless have the dialog with individuals who assume corgis are great, affiliate them with being the Queen’s canine, and do not realise that they really have a job to do,” Ms Milnes mentioned.

“There may be … going to be an inflow of individuals wanting corgis for the subsequent yr or so, and it will be good in the event that they did one thing extra than simply go to the canine park.”

Corgi rounding up sheep
Tirion the corgi trains for herding competitions.(Provided: Jean Milnes)

Her corgi trains for herding competitions.

“We needs to be doing issues that … canine take pleasure in as nicely,” she mentioned.

“They have to be given the chance to attain issues.

“I feel it is rather necessary in any breed to take care of what they had been meant to do.”

Three corgis with their tongues hanging out.
Corgis are famously often known as the canine of Queen Elizabeth II.(ABC Information: Ashleigh Davis)

Massive mind, little legs

Nationwide Welsh Corgi Council secretary Sadie Podger mentioned the canine had been very clever, which was wanted when herding animals.

“Years in the past … the farmers discovered that these canine are literally fairly good and adapt to their circumstances that they are in and located that they had been the higher of all of the cattle sort canine that they’d,” she mentioned.

A corgi rolling on grass
Corgis are extra popularly often known as pets, however had been traditionally used to herd livestock.(Provided: Clarissa Thorpe)

Ms Podger mentioned corgis had been often known as herd heelers as a result of they may nip the rear legs of livestock to information and direct the animal.

“After they herd they will roll from one aspect … of the cattle to the opposite aspect with that, after which kind of directing the cattle to the place they need it, as a result of cattle could be fairly cussed.”

“They’re low to the bottom to allow them to drop their head a bit bit, and mainly the hoof goes excessive of their head the place a taller canine might get hit within the head.”

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WA government to enforce fishing ban on prized species

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Regardless of protests from hundreds of anglers the WA authorities is about to introduce a nine-month annual leisure fishing ban to guard prized species together with pink snapper and dhufish.

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Biochar industry fuelled by agricultural waste expected to grow

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#Biochar #business #fuelled #agricultural #waste #anticipated #develop

At Laragon Almonds in north-western Victoria, the processing plant is dwarfed by the piles of leftovers that sit alongside it.

The hulls and shells are usually offered as livestock feed, however with the almond business increasing quickly over the previous decade, that market is oversupplied.

“A few years in the past, we had been attaining $200 a tonne,” managing director Brendan Sidhu says.

Photo of charcoal in a pipe.
Biochar popping out of SDA Engineering’s pyrolysis plant.(ABC Landline: Kerry Staight)

“This 12 months, we’ll in all probability common $30 a tonne for [the] hull, so it is a vital distinction.”

With that in thoughts, he went on the lookout for an alternate and landed on biochar, a kind of charcoal that is wealthy in carbon.

“We predict that there is a nice demand for it sooner or later,” he says.

“However we predict there are additionally nice spin-offs.”

What’s biochar?

Biochar is made by heating natural materials with restricted oxygen by a course of referred to as pyrolysis.

SDA Engineering, which is supplying Laragon with its pyrolysis plant, has been trialling greater than a dozen agricultural residues from nut, forestry, broadacre and wine industries.

Firm co-founder Leon Daych says typically the leftovers sit in a paddock and deteriorate and launch carbon dioxide into the environment.

Photo of a man holding charcoal in his hand.
Leon Daych says biochar locks the carbon contained in the charcoal materials.(ABC Landline: Kerry Staight)

As an alternative, the carbon is locked up within the biochar, which Mr Daych says is a really versatile product.

“It may be used as a pharmaceutical ingredient, as a highway constructing materials, as concrete for bricks and so forth, so the purposes are actually limitless.”

Advantages to agriculture

One of many greatest beneficiaries of turning agricultural leftovers into biochar might be the agricultural business itself.

Agricultural and environmental scientist Melissa Rebbeck, who ran a year-long trial at a business dairy, says there are various advantages to utilizing biochar.

“If you do feed it to an animal, we discovered advantages for improved milk yield, and we have additionally discovered higher feed conversions,” she says.

Photo of a woman shoveling contents from a bag with cows behind her.
Melissa Rebbeck feeding biochar to her cattle.(ABC Landline: Kerry Staight)

Ms Rebbeck says there’s additionally lots of analysis that reveals it may possibly enhance soil productiveness and yields.

“For each 1 per cent you improve the soil carbon, you improve the water holding capability by 10 to 30 tonnes per hectare,” she says.

“It is a no-brainer in a rustic like Australia.”

However that productiveness comes at a value.

On common, biochar sells for about $800 a tonne in Australia in the mean time.

And there are stories it does not at all times work.

However influential economist Professor Ross Garnaut, who spoke on the current Australia New Zealand Biochar Summit, says “in fact, there will be sceptics”.

“Australians are like that, they do not imagine it till the farm subsequent door has finished it and is getting cash from doing issues higher, after which they modify and do it themselves,” he says.

Photo of cows eating out of a bucket.
Cattle are comfortable to munch on biochar after it has been blended with molasses.(ABC Landline: Kerry Staight)

A number of earnings streams

A rising variety of agricultural firms are investing in pyrolysis crops as a result of they’re beginning to make enterprise in addition to environmental sense.

In reality, it is the by-products that include biochar which are typically the large promoting level.

Mr Sidhu says Laragon Almonds plans to harness the surplus warmth produced in pyrolysis to dry its almonds and generate energy for the remainder of the de-hulling plant.

“From an emissions saving, clearly we’re not producing and utilizing coal-generated energy, in order that’s an enormous plus for us,” he says.

“We not want the LPG fuel that we at present use, in order that’s once more one other massive financial savings.

“So we predict our financial savings on website might be north of $500,000 a 12 months.”

Almond hulls.
The hulls or shells leftover from almonds could be become biochar.(ABC Landline: Kerry Staight)

Then there’s what’s generally referred to as wooden vinegar.

It is the liquid by-product of pyrolysis, which NSW firm PyroAg sells as an agricultural software that may cut back the necessity for fertilisers and pesticides.

In keeping with firm co-founder Chad Sheppeard, the advantages are nice.

“It really feeds the microbes within the soil and helps the bugs within the soil develop in range and inhabitants, which then helps the crops’ uptake vitamins out of the soil,” he says.

Promoting carbon credit

On high of the by-products, there’s one other more and more profitable supply of earnings.

Biochar is now recognised in some carbon markets.

So producers which are licensed as adverse web emitters can promote carbon credit to firms that need to neutralise their very own emissions.

“Since we began taking a look at this market, the worth of the carbon credit are tripled and it is in all probability value in extra of $200,000 a 12 months for our enterprise,” Martin Jeffries, whose household enterprise in South Australia turns family inexperienced waste into agricultural merchandise like compost and fertiliser, says.

Momentum within the biochar business is constructing.

In South Australia, there is a parliamentary inquiry into the business.

Photo of black charcoal close up.
Biochar can be utilized as a pharmaceutical ingredient, as a road-building materials, and as concrete for bricks.(ABC Landline: Kerry Staight)

Ms Rebbeck has massive plans to transform Kangaroo Island’s bushfire-affected timber. 

“There’s six and a half million tonnes of partially burnt timber on Kangaroo Island that’s rotting in the mean time that produces 50 per cent of its waste as carbon dioxide,” she says.

“All of that might be become biochar.”

However to realize these targets and make biochar extra inexpensive, the business must scale up and that is going to push Australian manufacturing.

Professor Garnaut believes the motion is gaining momentum.

“The following 5 years might be a interval of innovation and studying, will increase in scale, reductions in prices and in 5 years time, we’ll be in a robust place to run quick,” he says.

Watch this story on ABC TV’s Landline at 12:30pm on Sunday, or on ABC iview.

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WA government pushes ahead with nine-month fishing ban despite ‘draconian’ label

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Among the hardest fishing restrictions seen in Western Australia are a step nearer to being carried out, closing a 900-kilometre stretch of shoreline to some leisure fishers for as much as 9 months of the yr.

The West Coast Demersal Scalefish fishery is house to over 100 kinds of demersal, or bottom-feeding, fish and the WA authorities has critical issues in regards to the sustainability of some key indicator species in the fishery, such as dhufish and pink snapper.

Public session on a brand new administration plan to cut back fishery catches by 50 per cent, to enhance sustainability, closed yesterday.

Authorities officers will now meet key stakeholders to finalise a administration plan, which is scheduled to be carried out this summer time.

A map of WA, with an area covered by a proposed recreational fishing ban highlighted in red.
The world lined by the proposed ban incorporates an enormous chunk of the WA shoreline, and numerous main leisure fishing spots.(ABC Landline: Chris Lewis )

Outdated fish are lacking

Fisheries Minister Don Punch mentioned an evaluation of demersal fish shares, launched final yr, flagged a scarcity of older fish, which have been the fish inhabitants’s most necessary and prolific breeders.

“After we get that imbalance within the age vary of the species, that is when the vulnerability begins to actually creep in,” he mentioned. 

“There’s a number of fishing effort on the market, and when it is targeted on that youthful group due to the shortage of older fish, then we’re probably dropping the fish which are going to be the massive producers into the longer term.”

Mr Punch mentioned the demersal fishery was positioned right into a 20-year restoration plan in 2010 however, regardless of earlier cuts to fishing limits, the evaluation of the fishery confirmed shares had not recovered “quick sufficient”.

Leisure {and professional} fishing teams agreed earlier this yr that the catch wanted to halve from 750 tonnes yearly to 375t. 

A snapper
Pink snapper, dhufish and baldchin groper are among the species recognized as weak.(ABC Landline: Chris Lewis)

Options are ‘draconian’ 

However the authorities’s plan of an extended leisure fishery closure to attain that catch discount has sparked outrage. 

Two choices have been offered for public remark that will see the fishery open to leisure fishers for 94 days or 123 days of the yr. 

Andrew Rowland from Recfishwest mentioned his group had advised various strategies for the leisure and constitution catch to be decreased to its allotted 135 tonnes.

A man stands on the beach with a jetty behind him
Andrew Rowland from Recfishwest says the brand new guidelines are “draconian”.(ABC Landline: Jo Prendergast)

 “We object to the simplicity of this draconian, blunt measure [of] 9 months [of closures] throughout the board,” he mentioned. 

“West Australians spend $1.8 billion yearly on their fishing actions and it is a main necessary fishery as a part of that expenditure.

“And so the stream on impacts, impacts by the neighborhood jobs and companies, wellbeing, fishing golf equipment which are closing down might be large.”

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